GUIDE

'It is what you and I, what we, the European people, make of it tomorrow'

 

 

 

 

 

 

has formed in
its future we must
nature of it."

 

 

 

 

 

"A new Europe
practice. To secure
understand the
HUMAN
CONDITON
 
POLITICS
 
 
 
ECONOMY
and
MONEY
 
TERRITORIES
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“What an extraordinary episode in the economic progress of man that age was which came to an end in August 1914! The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, in such quantity as he might see fit, and reasonably expect their early delivery upon his doorstep. But, most important of all, he regarded this state of affairs as normal, certain, and permanent, except in the direction of further improvement, and any deviation from it as aberrant, scandalous, and avoidable. The projects and politics of militarism and imperialism, of racial and cultural rivalries, of monopolies, restrictions, and exclusion, which were to play the serpent to this paradise, were little more than the amusements of his daily newspaper, and appeared to exercise almost no influence at all on the ordinary course of social and economic life, the internationalisation of which was nearly complete in practice.”
(John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, 1919)
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HUMAN CONDITON
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rise of median age of a country or region: ageing of population | allegory of the cave (fictional dialogue on reality) | antifragile: living in a disorderly world and with human failings | art (arranging elements to the sense or emotions of human creations, and modes of expression) | St. Augustine of Hippo | blockchain | bubbles | change | Chariot Allegory | civic engagement | climate | coffeehouses: everyone is welcome to experience cosmopolitan spirit. A place for good conversation | comity | common security and defense policy | compassion (the interdepence of all things and embodiment of emotional maturity) | counterculture | culture (give activity significance) | debt (Reinhart) | the form of government democracy | demographic growth (Kapitza) | digital development | economy | education, key to individual life chances | electromobility | energy | the Enlightenment | ethics, one of the individual virtues | Europe's 1st war in the 21st century | European capitals of culture Matera and Plovdiv | European humanism | Europe media | fall of the wall | food | formal scopes | the ability to act without restraint: freedom | Greece | health | Jurgen Habermas, ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe, bekannt geworden durch sozialphilosophie | study of the past history | How Much is Enough? (Lord Skidelsky) | human rights, free movement, migration, asylum | the unity of being, of total consistency and person equality: identity | immaterial trends | development of new customers value: innovation | knowledge | liberty and security | literature | masterpieces (paintings and plastic art) | math, a thing to be valued in and for itself | money | music, 'mathematics in motion and algebra is its choreography' | φύσις, the course of things, natural character | NEXUS Institute | 'ODE', work of Arthur O'Shaughnessy | people and distinctions | study of general and fundamental problems: philosophy | politics | Radio Free Europe | the Reformation | religion, the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals | RtoP: to prevent and stop genocides, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity | any system of objective knowledge: science | terrorism | social fairness: green and social Europe | solidarity | sports, all forms of physical activity | George Steiner, influential literary critic, essayist, philosopher, novelist, translator, and educator | Sustainable Development Goals | territories | the Questor Hero, Mahler’s music wants us to be conscious of the great questions of life | The SOUND of EUROPE, conference on values, identity and cultural dimension | that's why freedom and humanism are there! | The Last Revolution: on Freedom and Power (NEXUS Institute) | what is time | Via Regia, a European cultural route | tolerance | war and peace, what forces control this time? How do we keep our humanity? What are the safeguards for peace? | well-being, a general term for the condition of an individual or group
       
       
SOCIAL CONTRACT

An examination of the human condition absent of any political order became the starting point for most social contract theories, a model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment and usually concerns the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Social contract arguments typically posit that individuals have consented to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority (of the ruler, or to the decision of a majority) in exchange for protection of their remaining rights or maintenance of the social order.

The term social contract takes its name from The Social Contract (Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique), a 1762 book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau that discussed this concept. Although the antecedents of social contract theory are found in antiquity, in Greek and Stoic philosophy and Roman and Canon Law, the heyday of the social contract was the mid-17th to early 19th centuries, when it emerged as the leading doctrine of political legitimacy.

       
       
ECONOMYand MONEY
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POLITICS
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differentiated integration | the EU as polity in IL | EU-institutions, a hybrid system of supranationalism and intergovernmentalism| European politics | IO's | federal Europe | foreign policy by Europe | ideologies | key institutional innovations (Lisbon Treaty) | multilateral cooperation | multilevel governance (approach in PS an PA theory on European integration) | political union | Populares | Presidency of the Council of the EU | core of politics: sovereignty, subsidiarity and powers | the DC event on issues & ideas | Volt, a pan-European, progressive movement that stands for a new and inclusive way of doing politics and that wants to bring real change to all European citizens |
   
   
TERRITORIES
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Africa | Arctic regio | member states of the EU | Balkans | the three northern European countries east of the Baltic Sea Baltic states | from the late 4th cent. BC equipped with philosophical and religious tradition: China | Danube region | environment | Europe | France | Germany | Greece | how to change the world? (conference NEXUS Institute) | Hungary | I.R. of Iran | Iraq | Italy, one of the least stable countries in terms of politics in the EU | endorsing the idea to resolve the conflict by way of a two-state outcome: Israel-Palestine | nationalism | North Africa and the Middle East (MENA) | Poland | Russian Federation | security and defence | Syria | transatlantic | Ukraine | wider Europe (including United Kingdom) |