SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
     
the triumph of science, 2013 conference Nexus Institute






California Institute of Technology, a private research university located in Pasadena, California, United States. Caltech has six academic divisions with strong emphasis on science and engineering

 
 
 

Dynamics of science and technology: it maps the significance of the developments for individuals and society. It concerns also investigation of
the science system, and how it responds to scientific, societal and economic developments. Think of new technologies in the field of ict, neurochips and quantum computers, nano (physical properties of matters changes by reducing below 100 nanometer), hydrogen and biotechnology.

Science, in the broadest sense, refers to any system of objective knowledge. In a more restricted sense, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as to the organized body of knowledge gained through such research. Fields of science are commonly classified along two major lines: Natural sciences, which study natural phenomena, including biological life and social sciences, which study human behavior and societies.



When science will have answered all questions on man, will we then know the secret of man? NEXUS Institute organized at the end of 2013 a conference on the state of answers of science on questions about man, and the gap between truth claims of hard science on the one hand and the 'lived' truth of the humanities on the other. In the brochure writes NEXUS:

'Science triumphs because the amount of things we know and are able to do thanks to science and technology is incredible. At an extremely high speed, the secrets of man, nature and the universe are unraveled, illnesses are cured and lives prolonged, and the possibilities of human existence infinitely enlarged. Science and technology have developed into an all-encompassing force which in the twentieth century has transformed our social, political, economic, aesthetic and intellectual landscape. Knowledge, truth, values, morals, and our thoughts and actions are determined entirely or to a great extent by the scientific paradigm.
In this way, we have also placed the future of humanity in the hands of science and technology, whether we are dealing with climate change, epidemic control, food distribution, social issues, economic growth, the existence of the perfect man or the quest for eternal youth.

Philosophy is the art of asking questions, particularly those questions which address the things we find self-evident. Socrates would undoubtedly question the belief in and satisfaction with the triumph of science. In Phaedo, Socrates explains how he was fascinated by science as a young man, but how he lost interest once he became convinced that science could never answer the one question he really wanted answered: WHAT IS GOOD? Twenty-five centuries later, a young, brilliant physicist, Robert M. Pirsig, narrates in the autobiographical Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. An Inquiry into Values (1974) how he came to realize, by asking the very question Socrates asked, that reason itself is the cause of social discomfort:

The cause of our current social crises is a genetic defect within the nature of reason itself. And until this genetic defect is cleared, the crises will continue. Our current modes of rationality are not moving society forward into a better world. They are taking it further and further from that better world. Since the Renaissance these modes have worked. As long as the need for food, clothing and shelter is dominant they will continue to work. But now that for huge masses of people these needs no longer overwhelm everything else, the whole structure of reason, handed down to us from ancient times, is no longer adequate. It begins to be seen for what it really is — emotionally hollow, esthetically meaningless and spiritually empty. That, today, is where it is at, and will continue to be at for a long time to come. According to Pirsig, precisely because scientific thought triumphs, we have lost a particular sense: the sense of quality, the quality of existence'.
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Within an increasingly connected world, stronger defences are required to address cyber threats and attacks. The European Commission has identified the safety of connected products and services, to be one of the significant challenges of the connected economy. It plans to develop a European ICT Security Framework and measures on cybersecurity standards, certification and labelling to make ICT-based systems, including connected objects, more cyber-secure. Practical aspects of making connected systems and devices more secure from a technical and business perspective and policy measures is in process.

In June 2017, tech, ideas and global innovation were celebrated through talks, workshops, debates and performance during the Digital Festival. This festival created a space in the heart of Europe where innovators and policymakers came together, explored new technology and were inspired by digital innovations. there was a session on security in IoT.

Estonian government digital adviser Marten Kaevats: "Implementing new technologies isn't about tech, it's all about change in mindset" ->


Following the success of last year’s inaugural State of European Tech report, Atomico has teamed up with Slush once again to produce an in-depth look at what’s going on in the European tech ecosystem. Identified were three major trends underlying the growing influence and success of the European technology industry:

  • Deep tech is thriving and diversifying;
  • New tech hubs are emerging;
  • Traditional industries are awakening to tech

The presentation of the report “State of European Tech - The future is invented in Europe” was organised by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) with the support of Startup Europe (DG CONNECT) and Finnova Foundation, under the frame of StartUp Europe Awards.  This report is by far one of the most comprehensive presentation regarding the current state of the tech scene in Europe and will benefit the European institutions work towards startups with validated data. The presentation is an excellent opportunity tohighlight the importance of evidence based policy making on startups policy.

 
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Technologyfestival-participants let read their emotions by a webcam.

In Februari 2008 the Rathenau Institute organized the festival "The Glass Body". Is privacy going to disappear? Fantastic technologies in the present information society, but keep
fragile consequences in mind.
Rathenau, an institute that stimulates public debate and political judgement about social, ethical and political effects of modern science and technology, challenged the public to cast a glance at the future.

From 8 pm till midnight debates, lectures, talkshows, art,
theater and expirements were the tools to awaken that individuals within societies are more and more unable to keep things private.
Tomtomisering, websibisioism, speeddates, screening and migration technology, total body scan, gene-history. Are we taking things easier nowadays if we hand over information to institutions and ngo's? Was permission given if information was used for other purposes than aimed? How
about the law?

A new culture is rising and the development cannot be
stopped. To make the story short, a very succesful festival.


European Cooperation in Science and Technology
(COST) contributes to reducing the fragmentation in European research investments and opening the European Research Area to cooperation worldwide. As a precursor of advanced multidisciplinary research, COST plays a very important role in building a European Research Area (ERA
). It anticipates and complements the activities of the EU Framework Programmes, constituting a “bridge” towards the scientific communities of emerging countries. It also increases the mobility of researchers across Europe and fosters the establishment of scientific excellence in the nine key domains:

- Biomedicine and Molecular Biosciences
- Food and Agriculture
-
Forests, their Products and Services
- Materials, Physics and Nanosciences
- Chemistry and Molecular Sciences and Technologies
- Earth System Science and Environmental Management
- Information and Communication Technologies
- Transport and Urban Development
- Individuals, Societies, Cultures and Health

- In addition
, Trans-Domain Proposals allow for broad, multidisciplinary proposals to strike across the nine scientific domains

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Graphene is another form of carbon. It is about 200 times stronger than steel by weight, conducts heat and electricity with great efficiency and is nearly transparent.

To address the big scientific and technological challenges of the age through long-term, multidisciplinary R&D efforts, the first of the European Commission’s Future and Emerging Technology (FET) Flagships was launched. The Graphene Flagship is the EU’s biggest ever research initiative and is tasked with bringing together academic and industrial researchers to take graphene from the realm of academic laboratories into European society in the space of 10 years, thus generating economic growth, new jobs and new opportunities.

The Graphene Flagship is coordinated by Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

graphene
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OFFICE of SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY POLICY

The Office of Science and Technology Policy advises the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The office serves as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans and programs of the Federal Government.

OSTP leads an interagency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets. The office works with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security.

  • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs;

  • Lead an interagency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets;

  • Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security;

  • Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community;

  • Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.



Argonne is a National Laboratory and one of the U.S. Department of Energy's largest national laboratories for scientific and engineering research. Over 1,250 scientists and engineers aim to solve the nation's  most important challenges in energy, the environment and national security.

Mission is to apply a unique mix of world-class science, engineering and user facilities to deliver innovative research and technologies. New knowledge is created that addresses the most important scientific and societal needs.