INFORMATION, COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY and FUTURE INTERNET
     
The internet is a global phenomenon and has become a critical resource for the socio-economic developments as well as the cultural identity of nations. To keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable in 1998 Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was formed. This corporation has a coordination role of the Internet's naming system and does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet.

To develop web standards, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an international community, work together and to articulate and advance a strategic vision for the future of internet governance, the Global Commission on Internet Governance was established. World Summit on the Information Society provides us with a comprehensive set of principles on several aspects of the information society, such as the role of governments and all stakeholders in the promotion of ICT's for development, ICT infrastructure, access to information and knowledge, capacity building, building confidence and security in the use of ICT's, providing an enabling environment, ICT applications and its benefits in all aspects of life, cultural and linquistic diversity, identity and local content, role of the media, ethical dimensions of the information society and international and regional cooperation.

 
DG Connect
 
 

Internet science hits various disciplines: Computer Science, Sociology, Art, Mathematics, Physics, Complex systems analysis, Psychology, Economics, Law, Political Science, Epistemology, etc. To strengthen scientific and technological excellence by developing an integrated and interdisciplinary scientific understanding of Internet networks and their co-evolution with society, and also by addressing the fragmentation of European research in this area, the European Commission fosters, by the EINS project, the FP7 European Network of Excellence in Internet Science.

The information society, once a futuristic scenario, is now a reality. But the digital revolution is just getting started. Think of innovations such as Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6), Semantic Web (a component of 'Web 3.0'), cloud computing, which is already driving new levels of flexibility and cost saving for organisations of all sizes across all industry sectors and from Machine-to-Machine (M2M) technology to The Internet of Things (IoT), dealing with the interconnectivity of massive networks of objects. The Consumer Electronics Show, world’s gathering place for all who thrive on the business of consumer technologies, serves as the proving ground for innovators and breakthrough technologies for more than 40 years—the global stage where next-generation innovations are introduced to the marketplace.

Technology is crucial for improving our quality of life and driving growth in the whole economy. Europe wants to be ahead (see A Digital Agenda for Europe), where EU's funding and regulation comes in and where everybody can join CAPS, the platforms for collective awareness and action, ICT systems integrating social media, crowdsourcing mechanisms and internet of things to gather information from users and sensors, create knowledge in a distributed manner and share it among citizens, allowing them to take better informed and sustainability-aware decisions.

It appeared that privacy is no longer a social norm. But can there be a democracy without privacy? And is digital technology related to capitalism? Mail can be holy. How have we to look at the meaning of the word real? Physical real brings us intimacy and dreams, virtual real has no place, no sense. Let us use the virtual to enhance quality of the physical world. Privacy has to be recast political. Being conscious is a proposition. Consumers have a vow.

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a new way of storing and accessing information, a public register of transactions. The Blockchain can work with types of digitalcurrency and processes..
It is a distributed database that maintains a continuously-growing list of ordered records called blocks. Each block contains a timestamp (*) and a link to a previous block. The data in a block cannot be altered retrospectively. Blockchains are secure by design and an example of a distributed computing system with high byzantine fault tolerance
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(*) process of securely keeping track of the creation and modification time of a document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tech for change: ICT’s, internet access and the post-2015 development agenda

Increasing access to information and communications technology and providing  access to the Internet  in least developed countries by 2020 is one of the targets of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals. What are the current needs in the field, including in refugee camps? How can we achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development goals with due respect to the principles of net neutrality? These, and many other questions were addressed at this event.

Substantial growth is to expect from use of the internet, but it should be sustainable and inclusive. The internet is a force for democratization, for fight against corruption, to participate in society, for health, education and it hosts private investment. There is open internet and net neutrality (but requirements to prevent negative aspects) to benefit all the people. Many topics came to the attention.

There was talk about data collection, content, how to invest in and let accelerate ict structures, to let decrease poverty and to let boost shared prosperity, how to innovate, IoT, legal aspects and e-government. Internet should be widely available against affordable prices. Change of business models could boost literacy, entrepeneurship and counter terrorism.

Digital Social Innovation (DSI) is a support action in the H2020 Collective Awareness Platforms program. DSI will support grow, and scale the current DSI network of projects, organisations, and individuals, fostering digital innovation for social good by helping communities share data, collaborate to solve societal problems, and scale their initiatives.

The initiative focusses primarily on open and distributed technologies as well as sustainable business models. DSI can strengthen social bonds, leverage civic entrepeneurship, create and share many forms of value, make cities and countries sustainable and resilient, and help to turn Europe into the hotbed of social innovation that is clearly needed.

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An organisation that aims to shed light on today’s rapid technological changes and their impact on society and its governance is The DIGITAL ENLIGHTENMENT FORUM. The FORUM stimulates debate and provides guidance. By doing so, it takes reference from the Enlightenment period as well as from transformations and evolutions that have taken place since. It examines digital technologies and their application openly with essential societal values in mind. Such values might need to be given novel forms taking advantage of both today’s knowledge and unprecedented access to information.

On 19.5.2010 communication from the European Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions reported on 'A Digital Agenda for Europe'. The overall aim of the Digital Agenda is not only to deliver sustainable economic and social benefits from a digital single market based on fast and ultra fast internet and interoperable applications, but also to prepare for reflections on ICT policies beyond 2020, for which the foresight project 'Digital Futures' started.

The initiative PARADISO helped strongly the digital agenda for Europe and is active in the field of internet and ict and let raise the impact of the artifacts in all aspects of societies. Several events were organised to research, to make impacts clear and to give some insight in the future (see several presentation on objectives and expected outputs). Future internet and societal developments (the continuation of ICT for a Global Sustainable Future) let awaken that internet is by far the biggest artifact mankind built. On 23 November 2010 Paradiso organised follow-up workshops. A whole day agenda four sessions and a discussion on visions of the future of our societies and visions of the future internet.
The subject, themes and the presence of 150 participants, including 20 speakers from various fields, made it fully worth to join the high leveled gathering.

ICT FOR A GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE FUTURE, a third industrial revolution: Indexes going 'BEYOND GDP', Dasho Karma Ura: GNH. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) will play a central role in future, not only because ICT have become in just two decades a key driver of the development.

February 2007 CEPS organized the conference: "The Future of Communications Services in Europe and the United States: The role of Regulation and Markets in a Converged World", where amoung others, the Honorable C. Boyden Gray was present to support items on the agenda:

  • The Effect of Network-Sharing Regulation in Telecoms Robert W. Crandall, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution

  • Investment in Next-Generation Networks Ilsa Godlovitch, Head of Regulatory Affairs, European Competitive Telecommunications Association

  • Organizing Internet Architecture Bernard Benhamou, Senior Lecturer on the Information Society, Political Sciences Institute in Paris (Sciences Po)

  • Net Neutrality Tom Kiedrowski, Policy Manager, OFCOM

  • Net Neutrality and Competition Scott Wallsten, Senior Fellow and Director of Communications Policy Studies, The Progress & Freedom Foundation

  • Content Development Ross Biggam, Director General, Association of Commercial Television in Europe

  • The conference informed among other things about a gap between what is technically possible and the lack of fast connections and of "broaderband". Service providers and telecom companies have to work faster and have still to do a lot to bridge the gaps. It is about:

  • information content and processing

  • hypermedia

  • media with hyperlinks

  • devices used to store information

  • communications delivered via electronic or electromechanical of energy (multimedia, communications that incorporate multiple forms

  • digital media, electronic media used to store, transmit and receive digitized information

  • published media, any media made available to the public (mass media, all means of mass communication, broadcast media, communications delivered over mass electronic communication networks and news media, mass media focused on communicating news)communication networks and news media, mass media focused on communicating news)

  • media meshing, the act of combining of multiple communication mediums to enrich an information consumer's experience

  • new media, media that can only be created or used with the aid of modern computer processing power.


New technological developments touch also the question on how people undergo the changes. What rule of the game? How is it to be digital followed night and day?, will people become more happy by 24-hours availability of the internet? Our attention will crumble and concentration to do something complicated will disappear. Professor Sherry Turkle advocates a digital ethics. During a masterclass in September 2011, organised by the NEXUS-institute, Turkle, writer of the book 'Alone Together', advocated on this. It was questioned what technology does with us and with our relationships. Is it just a tool or a new world with mobile activity? We are taking from strangers and we are having each other on distance: 'connection makes the measure' and an impuls was introduced to react fast. Anyway, there is a difference between conversation and connection and some day we might not know how to make conversation.

see the brochure

Future Internet Research and Experimentation in an international context (FIND / GENI, etc), by multi-disciplinary research (N4C, Resumenet)

European future internet portal

The mission of PRACE is to enable high impact scientific discovery and engineering research and development across all disciplines to enhance European competitiveness for the benefit of society.

to provide high-bandwidth connectivity and advanced services to the national scientific and academic community

communication services

leading cloud platform for media and content delivery, application performance, and Web security


European Commission - Press release

A Digital Single Market for Europe: Commission sets out 16 initiatives to make it happen
Brussels, 06 May 2015

The Internet and digital technologies are transforming our world – in every walk of life and in every line of business. Europe must embrace the digital revolution and open up digital opportunities for people and businesses. How? By using the power of the EU's Single Market. Today, the European Commission unveiled its detailed plans to create a Digital Single Market, thereby delivering on one of its top priorities.

At present, barriers online mean citizens miss out on goods and services: only 15% shop online from another EU country; Internet companies and start-ups cannot take full advantage of growth opportunities online: only 7% of SMEs sell cross-border (see Factsheet for more figures). Finally, businesses and governments are not fully benefitting from digital tools. The aim of the Digital Single Market is to tear down regulatory walls and finally move from 28 national markets to a single one. A fully functional Digital Single Market could contribute €415 billion per year to our economy and create hundreds of thousands of new jobs.

The Digital Single Market Strategy adopted today includes a set of targeted actions to be delivered by the end of next year (see Annex). It is built on three pillars: (1) better access for consumers and businesses to digital goods and services across Europe; (2) creating the right conditions and a level playing field for digital networks and innovative services to flourish; (3) maximising the growth potential of the digital economy.

Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said: "Today, we lay the groundwork for Europe’s digital future. I want to see pan-continental telecoms networks, digital services that cross borders and a wave of innovative European start-ups. I want to see every consumer getting the best deals and every business accessing the widest market – wherever they are in Europe. Exactly a year ago, I promised to make a fully Digital Single Market one of my top priorities. Today, we are making good on that promise. The 16 steps of our Digital Single Market Strategy will help make the Single Market fit for a digital age."

Vice-President for the Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip said: "Our Strategy is an ambitious and necessary programme of initiatives that target areas where the EU can make a real difference. They prepare Europe to reap the benefits of a digital future. They will give people and companies the online freedoms to profit fully from Europe's huge internal market. The initiatives are inter-linked and reinforce each other. They must be delivered quickly to better help to create jobs and growth. The Strategy is our starting point, not the finishing line."

Commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society Günther H. Oettinger said: "Our economies and societies are going digital. Future prosperity will depend largely on how well we master this transition. Europe has strengths to build on, but also homework to do, in particular to make sure its industries adapt, and its citizens make full use of the potential of new digital services and goods. We have to prepare for a modern society and will table proposals balancing the interests of consumers and industry."

The Digital Single Market Strategy sets out 16 key actions under 3 pillars which the Commission will deliver by the end of 2016:

Pillar I: Better access for consumers and businesses to digital goods and services across Europe

The Commission will propose:

1. rules to make cross-border e-commerce easier. This includes harmonised EU rules on contracts and consumer protection when you buy online: whether it is physical goods like shoes or furniture; or digital content like e-books or apps. Consumers are set to benefit from a wider range of rights and offers, while businesses will more easily sell to other EU countries. This will boost confidence to shop and sell across borders (see Factsheet for facts & figures).

2. to enforce consumer rules more rapidly and consistently,by reviewing the Regulation on Consumer Protection Cooperation.

3. more efficient and affordable parcel delivery. Currently 62% of companies trying to sell online say that too-high parcel delivery costs are a barrier (see the newly released Eurobarometer on e-commerce).

4. to end unjustified geo-blocking – a discriminatory practice used for commercial reasons, when online sellers either deny consumers access to a website based on their location, or re-route them to a local store with different prices. Such blocking means that, for example, car rental customers in one particular Member State may end up paying more for an identical car rental in the same destination.

5. to identify potential competition concerns affecting European e-commerce markets. The Commission therefore launched today an antitrust competition inquiry into the e-commerce sector in the European Union (press release).

6. a modern, more European copyright law: legislative proposals will follow before the end of 2015 to reduce the differences between national copyright regimes and allow for wider online access to works across the EU, including through further harmonisation measures. The aim is to improve people's access to cultural content online – thereby nurturing cultural diversity – while opening new opportunities for creators and the content industry. In particular, the Commission wants to ensure that users who buy films, music or articles at home can also enjoy them while travelling across Europe. The Commission will also look at the role of online intermediaries in relation to copyright-protected work. It will step up enforcement against commercial-scale infringements of intellectual property rights.

7. a review of the Satellite and Cable Directive to assess if its scope needs to be enlarged to broadcasters' online transmissions and to explore how to boost cross-border access to broadcasters' services in Europe.

8. to reduce the administrative burden businesses face from different VAT regimes: so that sellers of physical goods to other countries also benefit from single electronic registration and payment; and with a common VAT threshold to help smaller start-ups selling online.

Pillar II: Creating the right conditions and a level playing field for digital networks and innovative services to flourish

The Commission will:

9. present an ambitious overhaul of EU telecoms rules. This includes more effective spectrum coordination, and common EU-wide criteria for spectrum assignment at national level; creating incentives for investment in high-speed broadband; ensuring a level playing field for all market players, traditional and new; and creating an effective institutional framework.

10. review the audiovisual media framework to make it fit for the 21st century, focusing on the roles of the different market players in the promotion of European works (TV broadcasters, on-demand audiovisual service providers, etc.). It will as well look at how to adapt existing rules (the Audiovisual Media Services Directive) to new business models for content distribution.

11. comprehensively analyse the role of online platforms (search engines, social media, app stores, etc.) in the market. This will cover issues such as the non-transparency of search results and of pricing policies, how they use the information they acquire, relationships between platforms and suppliers and the promotion of their own services to the disadvantage of competitors – to the extent these are not already covered by competition law. It will also look into how to best tackle illegal content on the Internet.

12. reinforce trust and security in digital services, notably concerning the handling of personal data. Building on the new EU data protection rules, due to be adopted by the end of 2015, the Commission will review the e-Privacy Directive.

13. propose a partnership with the industry on cybersecurity in the area of technologies and solutions for online network security.

Pillar III: Maximising the growth potential of the digital economy

The Commission will:

14. propose a 'European free flow of data initiative' topromote the free movement of data in the European Union. Sometimes new services are hampered by restrictions on where data is located or on data access – restrictions which often do not have anything to do with protecting personal data. This new initiative will tackle those restrictions and so encourage innovation. The Commission will also launch a European Cloud initiative covering certification of cloud services, the switching of cloud service providers and a "research cloud".

15. define priorities for standards and interoperability in areas critical to the Digital Single Market, such as e-health, transport planning or energy (smart metering).

16. support an inclusive digital society where citizens have the right skills to seize the opportunities of the Internet and boost their chances of getting a job. A new e-government action plan will also connect business registers across Europe, ensure different national systems can work with each other, and ensure businesses and citizens only have to communicate their data once to public administrations, that means governments no longer making multiple requests for the same information when they can use the information they already have. This "only once" initiative will cut red tape and potentially save around €5 billion per year by 2017. The roll-out of e-procurement and interoperable e-signatures will be accelerated.

Next steps:

The Digital Single Market project team will deliver on these different actions by the end of 2016. With the backing of the European Parliament and the Council, the Digital Single Market should be completed as soon as possible.

The Digital Single Market will be on the agenda of the European Council meeting on 25-26 June.